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Initially, Walker proposed that the cycle of abuse described the controlling patriarchal behavior of men who felt entitled to abuse their wives to maintain control over them.
Her terms "the battering cycle" and "battered woman syndrome" has since been largely eclipsed by "cycle of abuse" and "battered person syndrome", respectively, for many reasons: to maintain objectivity; because the cycle of abuse doesn't always lead to physical abuse; because symptoms of the syndrome have been observed in men and women, and are not confined to marriage and dating.
Or, to get the abuse over with, prepare for the violence or lessen the degree of injury, the victim may provoke the batterer.
"However, at no time is the batterer justified in engaging in violent or abusive behavior," said Scott Allen Johnson, author of Physical Abusers and Sexual Offenders.
It also builds as the result of illness, legal or financial problems, unemployment, or catastrophic events, like floods, rape or war.
To prevent violence, the victim may try to reduce the tension by becoming compliant and nurturing.
Similarly, Dutton (1994) writes, "The prevalence of violence in homosexual relationships, which also appear to go through abuse cycles is hard to explain in terms of men dominating women." The cycle of abuse concept is widely used in domestic violence programs, particularly in the United States.
Some abusers walk away from the situation with little comment, but most will eventually shower the survivor with love and affection.
Donald Dutton and Susan Golant agree that Walker's cycle of abuse accurately describes all cyclically abusive relationships they studied.
Nonetheless, they also note that her initial research was based almost entirely on anecdotal data from a rather small set of women who were in violent relationships.
Because you won't experience real-life, real-time, one-on-one communication with the majority of your customers very frequently (if at all), your corporate communications, particularly your email communications, can fulfill the relationship building need here.
In this section, we'll talk you through various phases in the customer life cycle.
The cycle can occur hundreds of times in an abusive relationship, the total cycle taking anywhere from a few hours, to a year or more to complete.